Population increases to the east, centered around fertile oases and the valleys of the Amu-Darya River, once known as the Oxus, and the Zeravshan River, which supports the ancient city-states of Bokhara and Samarkand. Since independence, tightening border controls and competition for jobs and resources have caused difficulties for some of these communities, despite warm relations among the states of the region. Islam was removed from its central place, veiling of women was banned, and major and minor regional and ethnic differences were smoothed over in favor of an ideologically acceptable uniformity. It developed over the past several hundred years in the khanates on the territory of modern Uzbekistan, where musicians were a central feature of festivals and weddings. They came to make up the great majority of teachers, nurses, and doctors. Beginning inUzbeks have revived Islam, particularly in the Ferghana Valley, where mosques have been renovated.
The major secular holidays are New Year's Day 1 January ; Women's Day 8 Marcha still popular holdover from the Soviet Union, when women receive gifts; Navrus 21 Marchoriginally a Zoroastrian holiday, which has lost its religious significance but is still celebrated with Sumaliak soup, made from milk and seven grains; Victory Day 9 Maymarking the defeat of Nazi Germany; and Independence Day 1 Septembercelebrating separation from the Soviet Union.
Uzbekistan culture dating
Khivan houses have a second-story room for entertaining guests. At the funeral, women wail loudly and at specific times. It is impossible to quantify the number of wealthy, however, as the vast majority of their income is unreported, particularly if they are government officials. Uzbek families are patriarchal, though the mother runs the household. Bokhara and Samarkand; Khiva; and Khokand.